By Xenophon, Joseph William Hewitt, Maurice W. Mather, Xenophon, Joseph William Hewitt, Maurice W. Mather

346 ratings - 4.14* vote

Xenophon the Athenian was born 431 B.C. He was a pupil of Socrates. He marched with the Spartans, and was exiled from Athens. Sparta gave him land and property in Scillus, where he lived for many years before having to move once more, to settle in Corinth. He died in 354 B.C. The Anabasis is his story of the march to Persia to aid Cyrus, who enlisted Greek help to try and Xenophon the Athenian was born 431 B.C. He was a pupil of Socrates. He marched with the Spartans, and was exiled from

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Book details

Paperback, 516 pages
February 15th 1976 by University of Oklahoma Press

(first published -390)

Original Title
0806113472 (ISBN13: 9780806113470)
Edition Language
Greek, Ancient (to 1453)

Community Reviews


If I could have lunch with any person from history I think that Xenophon would be in my top five. He was so amazing, his spirit so impressive, his writing so eloquent, his actions so monumental. This account is beautiful. The rhetoric is stunning. It is so informative about ancient Greek military tactics, about the importance of omens (down to a sneeze during a speech), and the general disposition of ancient man, that it is an absolute must read for anyone interested in classical antiquity or military history. My favorite parts are the long speeches, they are so emotional and raw, and just breathtaking.


-El antecesor, a su manera, de la crónica y el reportaje.-

Género. Historia (sin serlo exactamente, pero sigan leyendo para que me pueda explicar).

Lo que nos cuenta. Crónica del destino de los soldados mercenarios de la Antigua Grecia que, bajo mando del aspirante al trono persa Ciro el Joven e incluyendo a Jenofonte entre los efectivos de unos diez mil hombres, fueron a luchar a Asia contra Artajerjes II y que, tras ganar la batalla decisiva de Cunaxa, se descubren aislados a 4.000 kilómetros de sus hogares y sin demasiadas opciones favorables al morir su líder en el combate.

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1.5 stars, DNF @ 22%.
I didn't hate this book. I was just unfamiliar with everything about it. It was all too strange to be enjoyable or informative.

I chose this ancient Greek book written in ancient times because of my alphabet reading challenge for the letter 'X'. It was fun and different in the beginning, but it quickly became a drag and boring to read.

There just seemed to be never ending strange names of characters, their complicated relationships and never ending war campaigns, military tactics, counter war campaigns and betrayals. It was a tangled web.

I just got lost in the unfamiliar names, even weirder place names of places with different names in our time etc. And now it's too much of an effort to get into it after putting it down for a few months. At least I managed to try something way outside my reading comfort zone and I'm proud of that.

Victor Whitman

Xenophon's account of the march up country through Persia is remarkable. In 401 B.C., Xenophon joined a mercenary force attempting to win money and glory in an effort to install Cyrus, the younger brother, on the Persian throne. The expedition was unsuccessful. A force of 10,000 Greeks found itself in the middle of hostile territory, pursued by the king's army. Soon all the Greek generals were tricked and executed, and the Greek forces were forced to appoint new generals. After many troubles, the 10,000 succeeded in crippling the Persian forces and getting home. This march through the heart of Persia also exposed the weak underbelly of its empire. It was probably known to Alexander the Great, who would conquer Persia a generation later. This edition gives you the first four books, roughly half of the Anabasis. It includes all the vocabulary and some commentary. There are several good translations of this, which I would also recommend.




A unique tale, and definitely fascinating. This book has a lot of information about ancient greeks and other peoples in Anatolia, Syria, Armenia and Mesopotamia, and it explains a lot about the military tactics employed by the greek heavy infantry.

The story is an impressive and exciting tale of perseverance. I found it a bit slow to read at the start and at the end, but it's fascinating just to read a text that is 2500 years old.

Wilfredo Rodríguez Dotti

The Anabasis, written by Xenophon of Athens in the fourth century B.C., chronicles the expedition of ten thousand Greek soldiers, led by Cyrus the Younger, and the subsequent return to Greece of the contingent, after the death of the satrap at the hands of his brother Artaxerxes. It is one of the greatest epics in history.

As a history lover, I would like to make a special reference about Xenophon, as it can help to better understand the work.

Xenophon was born in Athens in 431 B.C., was a Greek military and writer, known primarily for his works on Greek history and culture. Among his historical and biographical works, in addition to Anabasis, Ciropedia, Hellenica, Agesilaus and On the constitution of the Athenians, he also wrote dialogues of a philosophical nature, such as the Economic, The Banquet, Apology of Socrates or the Iron (I'm sorry if I skipped any).

He was a disciple of Socrates, which had a great influence on his life and his work. In fact, as Anabasis says, before joining the Greek mercenaries on the way to Persia, he asked Socrates what he should do, whether to leave or not. The philosopher advised him to appear before the Oracle of Delphi. Cunningly, Xenophon asked the question so that the answer could only be favorable to the trip. Socrates rebuked him for acting in this way, but told him that he could only obey the oracle. Thus, Xenophon was enlisted with the mercenaries of Cyrus.

I hope that I managed to awaken your interest, this book is certainly a must-read.

Luis Fernando Franco

Una reseña desde el punto de vista de uno de los actores. Creo que lo mejor de la historia son las diferentes clases de liderazgo que se presentan a lo largo de las situaciones límite a las que se ven enfrentados este grupo de mercenarios griegos. Quizás la primera gran lección es asumir el liderazgo, que no se había buscado, con humildad y definiendo claramente los objetivos del grupo, que en caso era simplemente la sobrevivencia y regresar a su patria.

La última parte del libro (o quizás el último libro) me parece descorazonadora, pero real como la vida misma: Mientras los griegos estuvieron sorteando peligros importantes, Jenofonte era el líder indiscutido y sobre él recaía toda responsabilidad, para bien o para mal, pero cuando los griegos ya están, si bien lejos de casa, en colonias amigas, comienza la división, la alineación con los nuevos poderosos e incluso la traición.

Ojalá en las escuelas se retomara la lectura de los clásicos, en vez de la lectura contemporánea, y en el estudio de éstas historias, se analizaran desde diferentes perspectivas como el honor, la lealtad, la amistad, el liderazgo, la patria, etc.


I read this puppy in year two of Classical Greek. After five days a week of Greek in year one, reading everything Dr. C. B. Earp threw our way, three days a week reading history seemed like a breeze. And it was an interesting narrative.

Unforunately, it didn't prepare me for the next year, reading Plato in the original language, where I languished for nearly a week on the first paragraph.

Anyway: fascinating story of brave men trying to get back home.


rakamları yan yana bile getiremeyecek kadar yıl önce yazılmış bu kitap, insanı adeta büyülüyor. sanki hayat bizden ibaretmiş gibi düşünürken, çat diye ksenephon geliyor ve tokat yüzünüze çarpıyor. işte tam o anda anlıyorsunuz adeta bir hiç olduğunuzu ve yeryüzünde bir nokta kadar bile önem arz etmediğinizi.günümüze geldiği kadarıyla bile harika bir üslubu var.şaşırdım bu kadar hayran kaldığıma.