- 1,136 ratings
- October 1st 1995
by Inner Traditions
(first published 1934)
- Date of birth: May 19, 1898
- Died: June 11, 1974
- Born: in Rome, Italy.
- Description: Julius Evola, also known as Baron Giulio Cesare Andrea Evola (even if he actually wasn't an aristocrat), was an Italian philosopher, esotericist, occultist, author, artist, poet, political activist, soldier. During his trial in 1951, Evola denied being a Fascist and instead referred to himself as a "superfascist".
Evola after the World War II claimed to be admired by the Italian Fascist leader Benito Mussolini. He idolized the Nazi Schutzstaffel (SS) and admired SS head Heinrich Himmler, whom he knew personally.
Evola was the "chief ideologue" of Italy's terrorist radical right during the Years of Lead and his doctrine and writings also influenced some fringes of islamic fundamentalism.
Evola’s thought can be considered one of the most radical and consistent anti-egalitarian, anti-liberal, anti-democratic, and anti-popular systems in the twentieth century. It is a singular (though not necessarily original) blend of several schools and traditions, including German idealism, Eastern doctrines, traditionalism, and the all-embracing Weltanschauung of the interwar conservative Revolution with which Evola had a deep personal involvement.
Evola is popular in fringe circles, largely because of his metaphysical, magical, and supernatural beliefs – including belief in ghosts, telepathy, and alchemy – and his traditionalism. He himself termed his philosophy "magical idealism". Many of Evola's theories and writings were centered on his hostility toward Christianity and his idiosyncratic mysticism, occultism, and esoteric religious studies, and this aspect of his work has influenced occultists and esotericists. Evola also justified male domination over women as part of a purely patriarchal society.