Józef Piłsudski
  • Józef Piłsudski

  • Date of birth: November 05, 1867
  • Died: May 12, 1935
  • Born: in Zułów , Lithuania.

  • Description: Józef Klemens Piłsudski (5 December 1867 – 12 May 1935) was a Polish statesman; Chief of State (1918–22), "First Marshal of Poland" (from 1920), and de facto dictator (1926–35) of the Second Polish Republic, Minister of Military Affairs. Before World War I Piłudski was one of the leaders of the socialist movement in Poland and organizer of the military units. From mid-World War I he had a major influence in Poland's politics, and was an important figure on the European political scene. He was the person most responsible for the creation of the Second Republic of Poland in 1918, 123 years after it had been taken over by Russia, Austria and Prussia. Under Piłsudski, Poland recovered Vilnius from newly born independent state of Lithuania following Żeligowski's Mutiny but was unable to incorporate most of Piłsudski's Lithuanian homeland into the newly resurrected Polish State.