Derald Wing Sue Quotes
“Through a process of social conditioning, however, White children are increasingly taught to associate only positive qualities with their own race and negative ones with other racial groups. The process of our cultural conditioning occurs through significant others (Sue, 2003), our educational curriculum (Minow, Shweder, & Markus, 2008), the mass media (Cortes, 2008), and institutions in society (APA Presidential Task Force, 2012; J. M. Jones, 1997).”
“When people of color talk racism, Whites seem to interpret statements as a personal accusation, and rather than reach out to understand the content, respond in a defensive and protective posture. In many cases, even statements of racial facts/statistics such as definitions of racism, disparities in income and education, segregation of neighborhoods, hate crime figures, and so forth arouse defensiveness in many Whites.”
“Other groups of color need to acknowledge the courage of Black America, and our indebtedness to them for what we have learned from their struggles. Although all groups can recount their own unique struggles for equal rights, African Americans have always been in the forefront in advocating for social justice. Many other groups of color (and other marginalized groups—women and LGBTQ [lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer] individuals) have learned much from the Black movement, including the importance of group identity, and have profited from the work, struggle, and sacrifice of African American brothers and sisters.”
“When Whites feel wrongly accused, they may respond with anger and engage in a counterattack when a racial topic arises. It appears that anger in race talk stems from two sources: (1) feeling unfairly accused (defensiveness) and/or (2) being told their substance, stance, or position taken is wrong. When back talk occurs, many Whites may feel offended and perceive the allegations as a provocation or an attack that requires retaliation.”
“If indeed, he or she has unwittingly engaged in racist behaviors and has unknowingly allowed systems of injustice to flourish, the pain and suffering inflicted upon people of color is partly due to his or her own complicity in a racist system. This proves to be a frightening and uncomfortable realization for many White Americans. Blinders of naïveté, innocence, and obliviousness become removed when awareness of racism and its dynamics increases.”
“This change often presents a major challenge because the person may experience loneliness and the type of marginalization that people of color have constantly experienced. For many White Americans, the challenge and isolation may be too much, and they will return to their old ways allowing denial and self-deception to reestablish themselves.”
“Although fear and anxiety are the major emotional reactions by Whites as they enter a discourse on race, many other nested or embedded feelings make their presence felt as well (Sue et al., 2010; Sue, Torino, et al., 2009; Tatum, 1992; Todd & Abrams, 2011). Unless these are acknowledged and deconstructed, they will continue to hold an invisible power over Whites, making it difficult to gain insight into their psychological conflicts and preventing them from freely discussing issues of race, racism, and Whiteness (Tatum, 1992, 2002).”
“seems to be that at some level of consciousness, Whites realize that they have lived lies of self-deception and that they do hold responsibility for the current oppression of people of color in the United States, whether through action or inaction (Helms, 1992; Spanierman, Poteat, Beer & Armstrong, 2006; Tatum, 1992).”
“guilt seems to have several functions in race talk. First, the manifestation of guilt among Whites signals an internal conflict involving transgression of moral standards and culpability. It may be experienced as a generalized low level of unease or discomfort, not fully acknowledged as guilt. Second, its presence in Whites signals that self-awareness of one's complicity in racism is beginning to bubble to the surface. Denial, mystification, and self-deception are weakening, and guilt, remorse, and regret are likely to follow if race talk is continued. The problem here is that guilt can serve a dual function; it propels people to take responsibility for their actions, or it negatively diverts and works against self-awareness. Third, unless handled effectively, guilt may work against successful racial dialogues.”
“the potential White ally must find others who will walk with him or her, encourage him or her to continue the journey, and form new friendships and partnerships, especially among people of color. Studies suggest that antiracist people have greater racial diversity among friends, support affirmative action, possess greater cultural sensitivity and empathy, and are more prone to take social action to rectify injustices (Spanierman et al., 2009).”
Derald Wing Sue
- Date of birth: August 08, 1942
- Born: in Portland, Oregon, The United States.
- Description: Derald Wing Sue is a professor of counseling psychology at Columbia University. He has authored several books, including Counseling the Culturally Diverse: Theory and Practice, Overcoming our Racism, and Understanding Abnormal Behavior.