Antonio Buero Vallejo Quotes
“Vivimos en un mundo civilizado al que le sigue pareciendo el más embriagador deporte la viejísima práctica de las matanzas. Te degüellan por combatir la injusticia establecida, por pertenecer a una raza detestada; acaban contigo por hambre si eres prisionero de guerra, o te fusilan por supuestos intentos de sublevación; te condenan tribunales secretos por el delito de resistir en tu propia nación invadida... Te ahorcan porque no sonríes a quien ordena sonrisas, o porque to Dios no es el suyo, o porque tu ateísmo no es el suyo... A lo largo del tiempo, ríos de sangre.”
Antonio Buero Vallejo
- Date of birth: September 29, 1916
- Died: April 28, 2000
- Born: in Guadalajara, Spain.
- Description: Antonio Buero Vallejo was a Spanish playwright considered the most important Spanish dramatist of the Spanish Civil War. During his career he won three National Theatre Prizes (in 1957, 1958 & 1959), a National Theatre Prize for all his career in 1980, the National Literature Prize in 1996, and the Miguel de Cervantes Prize, Spain's highest literary honour, in 1986. From 1971 until his death he was a member of the Real Academia Española.
From 1934 to 1936 Vallejo studied art and painting at San Fernando Escuela de Arte, in Madrid. During the civil war, he served as a medical aid in the Republican army. After the war he was imprisoned for six years. After being released he wrote Story of a Stairway in 1949. This work presented a graphic picture of Spain after the Civil War and won the Lope de Vega Prize, establishing Vallejo as one of the foremost authors in Spain. While other authors left Spain to escape Franco's censorship, Vallejo stayed in Spain and used symbolism to criticize the government. In 1971, he was elected to the Royal Spanish Academy. In 1994 he was awarded the Gold Medal of Merit in Fine Arts and the Gold Medal of the Society of Authors of Spain.
A common theme in his work is Spain's problems during and after Franco. In the tragedies there is always a sense of hope for the future. His works make frequent use of the symbolism of the senses—for example, using the "fiery darkness," in which the protagonist cannot see, as a symbol of Spain's dark situation.